Negative Afterimage
and Other Visual Experiments


It is possible there exist human emanations that are still unknown to us. Do you remember how electrical currents and 'unseen waves' were laughed at? The knowledge about man is still in infancy.
--Albert Einstein

Long ago it was posited there were life forms smaller than the eye could see. The majority of individuals said "No!" The rebels did not accept that answer, and the microscope was invented.

Then came the question of whether something existed that was too small to be seen through the microscope. The majority of individuals once again said "No!" The rebels again resisted and unraveled a rich understanding of atomic and then of subatomic phenomena. As humanity's mind and awareness expanded, microscopes and telescopes caused the invisible to become the visible.

One unperfected light microscope was the Rife Microscope. By the 1920s at the Rife Research Laboratory on Point Lona, California, Raymond Rife had designed five microscopes, ranging from 5,000 to 50,000 diameters of magnification, and revealing cells and microorganisms never before seen.

The Rife microscope operated with light bent and polarized by fourteen crystal quartz lenses and prisms. Use of an illuminating unit allowed a specimen to be illuminated, one part at a time, by narrow parts of the whole spectrum or by a single frequency of light.

The disadvantage, and the cause for disuse of the Rife microscope, was the patience required. It took most of a day to bring a single specimen into focus.

Today's light microscopes, with a magnification of 2,000 to 2,500 diameters, give clear pictures of specimens, but only of specimens larger than the wavelength (distance between wave crests). Therefore, a light microscope cannot resolve specimens smaller than the wavelength of the energy used.

The Popular Science article, "Superscopes: A Bright New Generation of Microscopes" shows recent advancement of the light microscope. According to Arthur Fisher, the common belief was, "The laws of physics just wouldn't permit it. You absolutely, positively could not build a light microscope that could see things smaller than, say, 1/125,000 inch in size" (p. 66). The rebels did not accept no for an answer, and superscopes have begun to appear using light to image specimens. Objects ten times smaller than once thought possible are being seen. Fisher states that the inventors believe the new superscopes can be improved many-fold (Fisher, Popular Science, P. 66).

Michael Isaacson taught courses at Cornell University that compares different instruments, and he says "light" is the key! He describes using short wavelengths and smaller apertures to image the specimen.


  • When the validity of the Eye-Brain Holographic Model is proven, can great strides be made in holography and development of a new microscopes?

  • Negative afterimage experiments clearly show an individual's need for neuron adaptation to higher intensity light which allows the invisible to become visible. Will an individual's visual neuron adaptation to higher intensity light be a necessary requirement to utilize a new direction in microscopes?

  • It is known that the smaller the aperture, the less light goes through in a near field microscope. Compared to the Eye-Brain Holographic Model, will it be necessary to increase light's intensity to gain higher frequency waves in order to counteract the decreased light?

  • Which way is it? The Superscopes article states: "Near-field microscopy resolves objects 10 times smaller than do normal optical scopes. The trick is to pass light through an aperture smaller than the wavelength of visible light and then use it to image an object in the "near field" -- before the light has a chance to diverge. Thus the effective wavelength is much smaller than the actual one (Superscopes, P. 69)." But the Eye-Brain Microscopic Vision Model uses the larger wavelength to image the microscope slide specimens or the slightly smaller wavelength to image the aqueous specimens before passing through the minute pupil aperture creating smaller diverging wavelengths. Should the object to be imaged be placed before or after the aperture?

My life, visual experience and research has been an adventure on the highway of life. I could not always see just how my experience was shaping up from comparative ease to major points of crisis, frustration and confusion. Overall, my life's experience was an unfolding process of lessons learned, strength gained and growth made. The imagination is the first pioneer, followed by science and technology. Unraveling the mysteries of eyesight by experiencing first hand the visual experiments will open the door to changing the current empirical knowledge available regarding eyesight and create a gigantic leap for greater holography insights. As an unbounded traveler, I give my readers a stepping stone for science to analyze and study a microscope comparison to the eye-brain holographic model in order to create a new holographic microscope -- a holoscope -- a new direction in holography.

Next: The Mind

© Copyright Mary J. Johnston

Contact info:
Mary J. Johnston